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Javan leopard, also in scientific names is a Panthera pardus melas, subspeciesof leopard, which is found only in the Indonesian island of Java. It is as critically (a lot) endangered by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) since 2008. The population of these leopards is estimated at less than 250 mature individuals, with a decreasing trend.

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Provincial animal of West Java, this cat either has a normal spotted coat, or a recessive phenotype resulting in an all black coat. It is orange with black rosettes and spots, but is also commonly black. It is estimated that in the Middle Pleistocene [plahy-stuh-seen] (781 to 126 thousand years ago), they came to Java from South Asia across a land bridge that bypassed Sumatra and Borneo. It is estimated that in the Middle Pleistocene ( 781 [plahy-stuh-seen] (781 to 126 thousand years ago) they came to Java from South Asia across a land bridge that bypassed Sumatra and Borneo.