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Habitat
Diet
Size & Color
Population

Snow leopards are found at altitudes between 9,800 and 17,000 feet in the high, rugged mountains of Central Asia. Their range spans from Afghanistan to Kazakstan and Russia in the north to India and China in the east. China contains about 60% of snow leopard habitat. They have already disappeared from certain parts of Mongolia, which is part of their historic range.

Snow leopards primarily hunt wild sheep and goats. Snow leopards are also known to eat smaller animals like rodents, hares and game birds.

Snow leopards are about 2 feet tall and 6 to 7.5 feet long. They weigh about 80 ~ 120 pounds. Female snow leopards are about 30% smaller than males. Their reclusive nature makes it hard to determine snow leopard lifespan in the wild. They have, however, been known to live for as long as 21 years in captivity. Snow leopards have long, thick fur, and their base color varies from smoky gray to yellowish tan, with whitish bellies.

Very rare in most of their range, an estimated 3,500 to 7,000 snow leopards are left in the wild, with 600 - 700 in zoos around the world. Exact numbers in the wild have not been determined due to the snow leopard’s shy nature.

Snow leopard mother and her cub.
Snow leopard mother and her cub.